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Revisiting Galactic Disk and Spiral Arms Using Open Clusters

Show simple item record Joshi, Yogesh C. Malhotra, Sagar 2023-11-07T05:47:50Z 2023-11-07T05:47:50Z 2023-10
dc.identifier.uri 10.3847/1538-3881/acf7c8
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1381
dc.description.abstract We use the largest catalog of open clusters in the post-Gaia era to provide an observational view of the Galactic disk. By compiling physical parameters such as age, distance, and kinematic information, we investigate the spatial distribution of open clusters and revisit the spiral arms and other asymmetries in the Galactic disk. Using young open clusters as a tracer of spiral arms, we map the spiral structure of the Galaxy and find that most of the clusters start migrating away from the spiral arms in about 10–20 Myr and fill the interarm regions as they age. Using the 3D kinematic information on 371 open star clusters, we derive different individual pattern speeds for spiral arms that closely follow the rotation curve of the Milky Way, hence favoring the transient nature of spiral arms in the Milky Way. The pattern rotation speeds of each spiral arm suggest that the spiral arms have not accelerated in the last 80 Myr. Based on the distribution of open clusters younger than 700 Myr above or below the Galactic plane, we found a solar offset of ze = 17.0 ± 0.9 pc north of the Galactic plane and estimated the scale height zh = 91.7 ± 1.9 pc from the Galactic plane. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher The Astronomical Journal en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2037;aj166-4
dc.title Revisiting Galactic Disk and Spiral Arms Using Open Clusters en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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