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AutoTAB: Automatic Tracking Algorithm for Bipolar Magnetic Regions

Show simple item record Sreedevi, Anu Jha, Bibhuti Kumar Karak, Bidya Binay Banerjee, Dipankar 2023-11-07T05:42:50Z 2023-11-07T05:42:50Z 2023-10
dc.identifier.uri 10.3847/1538-4365/acec47
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1380
dc.description.abstract Bipolar magnetic regions (BMRs) provide crucial information about solar magnetism. They exhibit varying morphology and magnetic properties throughout their lifetime, and studying these properties can provide valuable insights into the workings of the solar dynamo. The majority of previous studies have counted every detected BMR as a new one and have not been able to study the full life history of each BMR. To address this issue, we have developed Automatic Tracking Algorithm for BMRs (AutoTAB) that tracks the BMRs for their entire lifetime or throughout their disk passage. AutoTAB uses the binary maps of detected BMRs and their overlapping criterion to automatically track the regions. In this first article of this project, we provide a detailed description of the working of the algorithm and evaluate its strengths and weaknesses by comparing it with existing algorithms. AutoTAB excels in tracking even for the small BMRs (with a flux of ∼1020 Mx), and it has successfully tracked 9152 BMRs over the last two solar cycles (1996–2020), providing a comprehensive data set that depicts the evolution of various properties for each BMR. The tracked BMRs exhibit the well-known butterfly diagram and 11 yr solar cycle variation, except for small BMRs, which appear at all phases of the solar cycle and show a weak latitudinal dependence. Finally, we discuss the possibility of adapting our algorithm to other data sets and expanding the technique to track other solar features in the future. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2039;apjss268-58
dc.title AutoTAB: Automatic Tracking Algorithm for Bipolar Magnetic Regions en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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