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Flux emergence, flux imbalance, magnetic free energy and solar flares

Show simple item record Choudhary, D. P., et al. Uddin, W. Srivastava, A. K. Joshi, N. C. Kashyap, P. 2015-06-30T05:24:08Z 2015-06-30T05:24:08Z 2013
dc.description.abstract Emergence of complex magnetic flux in the solar active regions lead to several observational effects such as a change in sunspot area and flux embalance in photospheric magnetograms. The flux emergence also results in twisted magnetic field lines that add to free energy content. The magnetic field configuration of these active regions relax to near potential-field configuration after energy release through solar flares and coronal mass ejections. In this paper, we study the relation of flare productivity of active regions with their evolution of magnetic flux emergence, flux imbalance and free energy content. We use the sunspot area and number for flux emergence study as they contain most of the concentrated magnetic flux in the active region. The magnetic flux imbalance and the free energy are estimated using the HMI/SDO magnetograms and Virial theorem method. We find that the active regions that undergo large changes in sunspot area are most flare productive. The active regions become flary when the free energy content exceeds 50% of the total energy. Although, the flary active regions show magnetic flux imbalance, it is hard to predict flare activity based on this parameter alone. Ó 2013 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries asr52-1561
dc.subject Flux emergence; Flux imbalance; Magnetic free energy; Sunspot area; Solar flare en_US
dc.title Flux emergence, flux imbalance, magnetic free energy and solar flares en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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